Microstructure induced thermal stresses in pyrolytic carbon matrices at temperatures up to 2900°C
R. Piat, Lapusta Y., Böhlke T., Guellali M.., Reznik B., Gerthsen D., Tengfei Chen, Oberacker R.,Hoffmann M.J.
Journal of the European Ceramic Society (in press) doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.03.023
Carbon/carbon composites produced by chemical vapor infiltration consist of carbon fibers embedded in a pyrolytic carbon matrix with a cylindrically layered structure at the microscale. Each coating layer has a different texture and different mechanical properties that depend on temperature. Stress distributions in such carbon matrices subjected to thermal loading and their possible failure scenarios are analyzed. A two-scale numerical model is developed. At the nanoscale, material properties of each layer are determined using a methodology based on the Eshelby’s theory for continuously distributed inclusions. The resulting material parameters for each layer are then used in the finite element modeling at the microscale. Calculations are conducted for composites with different matrix structures for several cases of thermal loading. Calculated stress distributions show zones of maximal stress concentration and provide information on possible failure regions which correspond well with experimentally identified failure regions.