Bipolar Fatigue Caused by Field Screening in Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 Ceramics
Balke, Nina; Kungl, Hans; Granzow, Torsten; Lupascu, Doruc; Hoffmann, Michael J.; Rödel, Jürgen
Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2007, Band 90, Heft 12, S.3869-3874
Bipolar cycling of lead zirconate titanate ceramics can lead to massive material damage in regions close to the electrode. The damaged region can be identified by color changes, and the microstructure in this region shows signs of interface melting. This damaged region can screen the sample volume from the applied voltages and reduced fields are applied to the undamaged part of the sample. This has two effects. The first one is that the bulk is effectively subjected to smaller fields, but the measured parameters are assigned to the applied field, yielding apparent fatigue curves. The second effect is that with further cycling, field screening protects the bulk of the sample from fatigue due to the reduced effective fields. If the damaged region is mechanically removed and the ferroelectric hystereses are measured again, nearly unfatigued parameters are obtained.