A positron lifetime study of lanthanum and niobium doped Pb(Zr0.6Ti0.4)O3
Gottschalk, S.; Hahn, H.; Balogh, A. G.; Puff, W.; Kungl, H.; Hoffmann, M. J.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 96 (2004), 12, 7464–7470
A positron lifetime study of lanthanum and niobium doped Pb(Zr0.6Ti0.4)O3.
A study of vacancy-related defects in lanthanum and niobium doped PbZr0.6Ti0.4O3 with dopant concentrations of 0-6 and 0-4 mol%, respectively has been performed using positron annihilation spectroscopy X-ray diffraction, and photoelectron spectroscopy. Positron lifetime as well as coincidence annihilation radiation Doppler line broadening measurements were carried out. It was found that the samples exhibit vacancylike defects that act as positron traps. Two main defect lifetime components were found in both sample sets one at approximate to150 ps and one at approximate to300 ps. These defect trapping sites can be attributed to single oxygen vacancies and A-site vacancies, respectively. Doppler line broadening measurements, however, do not show significant changes as a function of dopant concentrations in terms of shape S and wing W parameters.