Tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation in CeO2-stabilized zirconia under multiaxial loading
Rauchs, G.; Fett, T.; Munz, D.; Oberacker, R.
JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 22 (2002), 6, 841–849
Tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation in CeO2-stabilized zirconia under multiaxial loading.
Critical stresses for the initiation of the tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation in 9Ce-TZP zirconia materials with five different grain sizes have been studied. The influence of the grain size on the critical transformation stresses has been investigated in multiaxial stress states, namely, in four-point bending, biaxial bending and torsion. It was found that phase transformation occurs as a homogeneous phase transformation with a transformation strain increasing continuously with increasing applied stress and also as an autocatalytic phase transformation with the autocatalytic formation of transformation bands normal to the maximum principal stress. An investigation of the critical transformation stresses under different multiaxial loads in the tensile regime, i.e. with positive hydrostatic stress, showed that both the homogeneous and the autocatalytic transformation do not follow the shear-dilatant criterion investigated in multiaxial compressive testing. The experiments showed that under multiaxial loading the onset of both transformation types can be predicted with the maximum principal stress transformation criterion, with the difference between the critical stresses of both transformation mechanisms strongly decreasing with grain size.