Long-term behavior and application limits of plasma-sprayed zirconia thermal barrier coatings
Langjahr, P. A.; Oberacker, R.; Hoffmann, M. J.
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 84 (2001), 6, 1301–1308
Long-term behavior and application limits of plasma-sprayed zirconia thermal barrier coatings.
Investigations of changes in phase composition and mechanical properties of CeO2- and Y2O3-stabilized plasma-sprayed ZrO2-based thermal barrier coatings (TBC) after long-term heat treatments at typical service temperatures were performed. Experimental studies include X-ray diffraction and mechanical testing. TBCs with a high amount of the tetragonal equilibrium phase t (8 mol% CeO2) show strong degradation due to the high amount of transformation to the monoclinic phase and the related decrease in strength. TBCs with a high amount of tetragonal or cubic non-equilibrium phases t' or c' are more suitable. Among these, TBCs with higher CeO2-stabilizer contents (19.5 mol-% CeO2/1.5 mol-% Y2O3 and 35 mol-% CeO2) show less amounts of monoclinic phase with respect to Y2O3-stabilized TBCs (4.5 mol-% Y2O3), as commercially used. Therefore they seem to have a high potential for long-term applications.