Effect of AlN-content on the microstructure and fracture toughness of hot-pressed and heat-treated LPS-SiC ceramics
Strecker, K; Hoffmann, MJ
JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, 2005, Band 25, Heft 6, S. 801–807
Effect of AlN-content on the microstructure and fracture toughness of hot-pressed and heat-treated LPS-SiC ceramics.
The influence of additive content on the microstructural development of hot-pressed and heat-treated LPS-SiC has been investigated using AlN-Y2O3 mixtures at a molar ratio of 80:20, varying the total amount from 5, 10, 15 to 20 wt.%. Specimen were hot-pressed at 1900 degrees C for I It in nitrogen atmosphere under an applied pressure of 25 MPa and subsequently heat-treated at 2000 degrees C for 1, 2, 4 and 8 h. It has been found that the transformation rate of beta- into alpha-SiC is retarded by higher AlN-contents and the formation of the 6H alpha-SiC polytype is favored. Furthermore, grain growth during annealing is also effectively inhibited. While hardness remained almost unchanged, fracture toughness varied with additive content and/or duration of the heat-treatment. Fracture toughness increased during the first I or 2 It of annealing,depending on the AlN-content, and diminishing for more prolonged treatments. The maximum fracture toughness has been determined for samples containing 10 wt.% of additives, hot-pressed and annealed during 1 h.