Textures of pyrolytic carbon formed in the chemical vapor infiltration of capillaries

  • Autor:

    Guellali, M; Oberacker, R; Hoffmann, MJ; Zhang, WG; Huttinger, KJ

  • Quelle:

    CARBON, 2003, Band 41, Heft 1, S. 97–104 

  • Textures of pyrolytic carbon formed in the chemical vapor infiltration of capillaries.


Capillaries, 1.1 mm in diameter and 17.0 or 32.5 mm in length, were infiltrated at a temperature of 1100 degreesC and methane pressures from 5 to 30 kPa. Layer thickness and carbon texture were determined at cross-sections of 2, 16 and 32 mm from the open end of the capillaries using polarized light microscopy. Average deposition rates, determined from layer thickness and infiltration time, as a function of methane pressure indicate a rate increase up to a saturation adsorption at pressures between 10 and 15 kPa (range 1) and a strong rate increase above these pressures (range 2). This result implies carbon formations based on the growth mechanism in range I and the nucleation mechanism in range 2. The carbon texture shows a maximum in range I and a minimum in the transition from range 1 to range 2 followed by a clear increase in range 2. The maximum in range I corresponds to the particle-filler model describing formation of various textures of carbon by the ratio of aromatic species to C, species. Increasing texture degrees in range 2 suggest that the nucleation mechanism may lead to high textured carbon provided that the residence time for intramolecular rearrangments of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is sufficient.