Phase relationships in neodymia and ytterbia containing SiAlONs

  • Autor:

    Holzer, S; Gesswein, H; Hoffmann, MJ

  • Quelle:

    SIAIONS, 2003, Band 237, S. 43–48

  • Phase relationships in neodymia and ytterbia containing SiAlONs.


The Si3N4-rich corner of the phase diagrams for neodymia and ytterbia containing sialons has been investigated by a systematic variation of the m and n values for compositions between 0.5 and 2.0 with a step size of 0.5. Samples requiring nitrides of the rare earth elements have not been prepared. Sintering has been performed at 1800degreesC for one hour in a nitrogen atmosphere of 1 MPa. The sintered samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis to identify the crystalline phases in equilibrium with sialon. alpha- and beta-sialon, the 21R AlN polytypoid, and N-melilite M' were found in the Nd containing system. Materials with Yb showed the formation of alpha- and beta-sialon, and the AIN polytypoids; 12H and 21R. The m and n values of the alpha-sialon phase have been calculated via their lattice parameters that were refined by a least squares routine. The occurence and composition of the phases were used-to outline their stability region.