Design and Fabrication of Functional Surfaces with Controllable Wettability, Adhesion and Reflectivity
The ultimate goal of FabSurfWar is to set up a long-term international and inter-sector collaboration consortium through research and innovation staff exchanges between nine world-recognised institutions in the cutting-edge research area of micro/nano surface engineering with promising applications in scientific and engineering sectors. The synergistic methodologies achieved by FabsurfWAR will serve as the building blocks of the micro/nano functional surface design, fabrication, measurement, characterisation and scale up application, and thus enhance the leading position of the consortium for the scientific and technological progresses in functional surfaces and potential applications.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 644971.
Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a fast-growing sector with the ability to evoke a revolution in manufacturing due to its almost unlimited design freedom and its capability to produce personalised parts locally and with efficient material use. AM companies however still face technological challenges such as limited precision due to shrinkage and build-in stresses and limited process stability and robustness. Moreover often post-processing is needed due to the high roughness and remaining porosity. In addition qualified, trained personnel is hard to find. This ITN project will address both the technological and people challenges.
KNMF is a high-tech platform for structuring and characterising a multitude of functional materials at the micro- and nanoscale. The Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF) is focused on providing open and for public work free access to multimaterial state-of-the-art micro and nanotechnologies for users from industry and academia, either national or international. Annual deadlines for the submission of proposals are January 15 and June 30. Applications for urgent and commercial projects can be submitted at any time.
Advanced three-dimensional lab-on-a-chip architectures for integrated surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
Lab-on-a-chip surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a very promising method for sensitive biochemical detection of low-concentrated analyte in water. However, two issues should be addressed. First, low-cost fabrication of on-chip-integrated SERS nanostructures with high reproducibility in enhancement factor is still vacant. Second, an on-chip-integrated laser excitation source, especially a spectrally tunable laser source, is still missing for this application. This proposal suggests an interdisciplinary approach, combining micro-/nano-systems engineering and nanophotonics for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy applications. The main objective of the project is the technical realization of a Raman-on-chip optofluidic platform with integrated organic semiconductor lasers. Furthermore we aim at a fundamental understanding and an optimization of localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR) for SERS applications using low-cost metal-organic hybrid nanostructure arrays.
Characterization of 3D architectures of lithium-ion micro-batteries fabricated by laser-assisted manufacturing
The project addresses basic and application oriented scientific questions in the field of energy storage materials with 3D electrode architecture. In this joint effort, modeling and simulation as well as fabrication and characterization will contribute equally. Our work is aiming at the scientific foundations of processes, materials and devices that are needed for future battery technology. The overall goal of this project to provide both experimental and theoretical guidelines for the development of high energy and high power density 3D microbatteries. Fundamental questions on electron/Li-ion transportations mechanisms in 3D electrode architectures and interfaces will be investigated. The project will combine accurate experimental characterization and theoretical simulation/calculation to speed up the development of advanced cell architectures for lithium-ion batteries. The new ideas, models, methods arise from the project will upgrade the core competitiveness, which positions China and Germany the world's advanced role in the field of renewable energy and energy storage systems.