Selected Literature

Journal Publications


Penghui zhu, Alexandra Meyer, Wilhelm Pfleging

Ultrafast laser structuring of Li(Ni0.6Mn0.2Co0.2)O2 cathodes for high energy and high power lithium-ion batteries



Proceedings Volume 11674, Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XV; 116741A (2021)
Event: SPIE LASE, 2021, Online Only


Alexandra Meyer, Penghui Zhu, Wilhelm Pfleging

High power ultrafast laser processing of electrodes: Up-scaling in roll-to-roll environment

March 2021. DOI: 10.1117/12.2577196

Conference: Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XV


Wilhelm Pfleging

Recent Progress in Laser Texturing of Battery Materials: A Review of Tuning Electrochemical Performances, Related Material Development, and Prospects for Large-Scale Manufacturing

International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing


Michael C. Daugherty , Chien-Te Hsieh , Doug S. Aaron a, Yasser Ashraf Gandomi, Jianlin Li, Yijing Zheng, Wilhelm Pfleging

Enabling high rate capability, low internal resistance, and excellent cyclability for vanadium redox flow batteries utilizing ultrafast laser-structured graphite felt

ELVESER Electrochimica Acta 344 (2020) 136171


J. S. Solheid, A. Elkaseer, T. Wunsch, A. P. Charles, H. J. Seifert, W. Pfleging

Effect of process parameters on surface texture generated by laser polishing of additively manufactured Ti-6Al-4V

Proc. SPIE 11268, Laser-based Micro and Nanoprocessing XIV, 112680Q (2 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2545623


J. Solheid, S. Mohanty, M. Bayat, T. Wunsch, P. Weidler, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging

Laser polishing of additively manufactured Ti-6Al-4V - Microstructure evolution and material properties

(in press), Journal of Laser Applications 32 (2020) 022019-1 - 022019-8, DOI: 10.2351/7.0000065


C. Jin, Z. Yang, J. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Pfleging, T. Tang

Bio-inspired interfaces for easy-to-recycle lithium-ion batteries

[in press] Extreme mechanics letters 34 (2020) 100594, DOI: 10.1016/j.eml.2019.100594


R. Kumari, W. Pfleging, H. Besser, J.D. Majumdar

Microstructure and corrosion behavior of laser induced periodic patterned titanium based alloy

Optics & Laser Technology 116 (2019) 196-213, DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2019.03.017


X. Lu, N. Zhang, M. Jahn, W. Pfleging, H.J. Seifert

Improved Capacity Retention of SiO2-Coated LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Applied Sciences 9 (2019) 3671-3681, DOI: 10.3390/app9183671


W. Pfleging, P. Gotcu

Femtosecond Laser Processing of Thick Film Cathodes and Its Impact on Lithium-Ion Diffusion Kinetics

Applied Sciences 9 (2019) 3588-3597, DOI: 10.3390/app9173588


J.-H. Rakebrandt, Y. Zheng, H. Besser, T. Scharnweber, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging

Laser-assisted surface processing for functionalization of polymers on micro- and nano-scale

Microsystem Technologies 26 (4) (2020) 1085–1091, DOI: 10.1007/s00542-019-04633-7


H. Shi, X. Liu, R. Wu, Y. Zheng, Y. Li, X. Cheng, W. Pfleging, Y. Zhang

In Situ SEM Observation of Structured Si/C Anodes Reactions in an Ionic-Liquid-Based Lithium-Ion Battery

Applied Sciences 9 (2019) 956-964, DOI: 10.3390/app9050956


P. Smyrek, T, Bergfeldt, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the quantitative measurement of lithium concentration profiles in structured and unstructured electrodes

Journal of Materials Chemistry A 7 (2019) 5656-5665, DOI: 10.1039/C8TA10328C


Y. Zheng, L. Pfäffl, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging

Lithium distribution in structured graphite anodes investigated by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Applied Sciences 9 (2019) 4218-4226, DOI: 10.3390/app9204218


Y. Zheng, H.J. Seifert, H. Shi, Y. Zhang, C. Kübel, W. Pfleging

3D silicon/graphite composite electrodes for high-energy lithium-ion batteries

Electrochimica Acta 317 (2019) 502-508, DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2019.05.064


P. Zhu, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging

The ultrafast laser ablation of Li(Ni0.6Mn0.2Co0.2)O2 electrodes with high mass loading

Applied Sciences 9 (2019) 4067-4081, DOI: 10.3390/app9194067


J. Dos Santos Solheid, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging

Laser surface modification and polishing of additive manufactured metallic parts

Procedia CIRP 74 (2018) 280-284, DOI: 10.1016/j.procir.2018.08.111


A.D. Lantada, W. Pfleging, H. Besser, M. Guttmann, M. Wissmann, K. Plewa, P. Smyrek, V. Piotter, J.P. García-Ruíz

Research on the methods for the mass production of multi-scale organs-on-chips

Polymers 10(11) (2018) DOI: 10.3390/polym10111238


Wilhelm Pfleging

A review of laser electrode processing for development and manufacturing of lithium-ion batteries

Nanophotonics 7(3) (2018) 549-573


Ping Lu, Robert JK Wood, Mark G Gee, Ling Wang, Wilhelm Pfleging

A Novel Surface Texture Shape for Directional Friction Control

Tribology Letters 66 (1), 51, 2018


N. Chik, W.S: Wan Md Zain, A.J. Mohamad, M.Z. Sidek, W.H. Wan Ibrahim, A. Reif, J.H. Rakebrandt, W. Pfleging, X. Liu

Bacterial Adhesion on the Titanium and Stainless-Steel Surfaces Undergone Two Different Treatment Methods: Polishing and Ultrafast Laser Treatment

IOP conference series / Materials science and engineering 358 (2018) 1-7, DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/358/1/012034


Neha Agarwal, Hyobong Ryu, Melanie Mangang, Wilhelm Pfleging, Jungtae Kim

Direct writing of a conducting polymer pattern in aqueous solution by using an ultrashort laser pulse

Ningxin Zhang, Yijing Zheng, Atanaska Trifonova, Wilhelm Pfleging

Laser structured Cu foil for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes

Ping Lu, Robert J.K. Wood, Mark G. Gee, Ling Wang, Wilhelm Pfleging

The use of anisotropic texturing for control of directional friction

Tribology International 113 (2017) 169-181

Petronela Gotcu,  Wilhelm Pfleging,  Peter Smyrek  and  Hans J. Seifert

Thermal behaviour of Li x MeO 2 (Me = Co or Ni + Mn + Co) cathode materials.

Articlein Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics · April 2017; DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00513J


Eric Mottay, Xinbing Liu, Haibin Zhang, Eric Mazur, Reza Sanatinia, Wilhelm Pfleging:

Industrial applications of ultrafast laser processing.

MRS Bulletin 12/2016; 41(12)., DOI:10.1557/mrs.2016.275


Ping Lu, Robert J. K. Wood, Mark G. Gee, Ling Wang, Wilhelm Pfleging:

The Friction Reducing Effect of Square-Shaped Surface Textures under Lubricated Line-Contacts-An Experimental Study.

07/2016; 4(3)., DOI:10.3390/lubricants4030026


Wilhelm Pfleging, Melanie Mangang, Yijing Zheng, Peter Smyrek:

Laser structuring for improved battery performance.



Wei Guo, Zhi Chen, Chengwu Yang, Tobias Neumann, Christian Kuebel, Wolfgang Wenzel, Alexander Welle, Wilhelm Pfleging, Osama Shekhah, Christof Wöll, Engelbert Redel:

Bi2O3 nanoparticles encapsulated in surface mounted metal-organic framework thin films.

Nanoscale 02/2016; 8(12)., DOI:10.1039/C6NR00532B


M. Mangang, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging:

Influence of laser pulse duration on the electrochemical performance of laser structured LiFePO4 composite electrodes.

Journal of Power Sources 02/2016; 304., DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.10.086


P. Smyrek, J. Pröll, H. J. Seifert, W. Pfleging:

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Laser-Structured Li(NiMnCo)O 2 Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries.

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 01/2016; 163(2)., DOI:10.1149/2.0981514jes


Renu Kumari, Tim Scharnweber, Wilhelm Pfleging, Heino Besser, Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar:

Laser Surface Textured Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-4V)-Part II-Studies on Bio-compatibity.

Applied Surface Science 09/2015; 357., DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.08.255


Chairul Hudaya, Martin Halim, Johannes Pröll, Heino Besser, Wonchang Choi, Wilhelm Pfleging, Hans Jürgen Seifert, Joong Kee Lee:

A polymerized C60 coating enhancing interfacial stability at three-dimensional LiCoO2 in high-potential regime.

Journal of Power Sources 08/2015; 298., DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.08.044


Wilhelm Pfleging, Renu Kumari, Heino Besser, Tim Scharnweber, Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar:

Laser Surface Textured Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-4V)-Part 1 - Surface Characterization.

Applied Surface Science 07/2015; 355., DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.06.175


Jung Sub Kim, Wilhelm Pfleging, Robert Kohler, Hans Jürgen Seifert, Tae Yong Kim, Dongjin Byun, Hun-Gi Jung, Wonchang Choi, Joong Kee Lee:

Three-dimensional silicon/carbon core–shell electrode as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries.

Journal of Power Sources 04/2015; 279., DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.12.041


Markus Wissmann, Nicole Barié, Markus Guttmann, Marc Schneider, Alexander Kolew, Heino Besser, Wilhelm Pfleging, Andreas Hofmann, Jürgen Van Erps, Stefano Beri, Jan Watté:

Mould insert fabrication of a single-mode fibre connector alignment structure optimized by justified partial metallization.

Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 03/2015; 25(3-3)., DOI:10.1088/0960-1317/25/3/035008


Patrick Faubert, Claas Müller, Holger Reinecke, Peter Smyrek, Johannes Proell, Wilhelm Pfleging: Femtosecond laser structuring of novel electrodes for 3D fuel cell design with increased reaction surface.

MRS Online Proceeding Library Archive 01/2015; 1777., DOI:10.1557/opl.2015.507


Xin Liu, Sergei Lebedkin, Heino Besser, Wilhelm Pfleging, Stephan Prinz, Markus Wissmann, Patrick M Schwab, Irina Nazarenko, Markus Guttmann, Manfred M Kappes, Uli Lemmer:

Tailored Surface-Enhanced Raman Nanopillar Arrays Fabricated by Laser-Assisted Replication for Biomolecular Detection Using Organic Semiconductor Lasers.

ACS Nano 12/2014; 9(1)., DOI:10.1021/nn506589a


Wilhelm Pfleging, Johannes Pröll:

A new approach for rapid electrolyte wetting in tape cast electrodes for lithium-ion batteries.

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014,2, 14918-14926, DOI:10.1039/C4TA02353F


Xin Liu, Stephan Prinz, Heino Besser, Wilhelm Pfleging, Markus Wissmann, Christoph Vannahme, Markus Guttmann, Timo Mappes, Sebastian Köber, Christian Koos, Uli Lemmer:

Organic semiconductor distributed feedback laser pixels for lab-on-a-chip applications fabricated by laser-assisted replication.

Faraday Discussions 08/2014; 174., DOI:10.1039/C4FD00077C


Markus Wissmann, Heino Besser, Markus Beiser, Wilhelm Pfleging:

Laser moulding, a new low-cost fabrication process for micro- and nanostructured components.

Microsystem Technologies 06/2014; 21(7)., DOI:10.1007/s00542-014-2227-3


J. Pröll, H. Kim, A. Piqué, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging:

Laser-printing and femtosecond-laser structuring of LiMn2O4 composite cathodes for Li-ion microbatteries.

Journal of Power Sources 06/2014; 255., DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.132


Markus Dickerhof, Daniel Kimmig, Raphael Adamietz, Tobias Iseringhausen, Joel Segal, Nikola Vladov, Wilhelm Pfleging, Maika Torge:

The SMARTLAM 3D-I Concept: Design of Microsystems from Functional Elements Fabricated by Generative Manufacturing Technologies.

IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology 02/2014; 435., DOI:10.1007/978-3-662-45586-9_19


Ji Hun Park, Robert Kohler, Wilhelm Pfleging, W. C. Choi, Hans Juergen Seifert, Joong Kee Lee: Electrochemical behavior of a laser microstructured fluorine doped tin oxide anode layer with a plasma pretreatment for 3D battery systems.

RSC Advances 01/2014; 4(9-9)., DOI:10.1039/C3ra44541k


Daw Gen Lim, D.-W. Chung, Robert Kohler, Johannes Proell, Christopher Scherr, Wilhelm Pfleging, R. Edwin Garcia:

Designing 3D Conical-Shaped Lithium-Ion Microelectrodes.

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 12/2013; 161(3)., DOI:10.1149/2.013403jes


R. Kohler, J. Proell, M. Bruns, S. Ulrich, H. J. Seifert, W. Pfleging:

Conical surface structures on model thin-film electrodes and tape-cast electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

Applied Physics A 07/2013; 112(1)., DOI:10.1007/s00339-012-7205-y


J. Pröll, P.G. Weidler, R. Kohler, A. Mangang, S. Heißler, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging:

Comparative studies of laser annealing technique and furnace annealing by X-ray diffraction and Raman analysis of lithium manganese oxide thin films for lithium-ion batteries.

Thin Solid Films 03/2013; 531., DOI:10.1016/j.tsf.2013.01.015


J. Proll, R. Kohler, A. Mangang, S. Ulrich, M. Bruns, H.J. Seifert, W. Pfleging:

Diode laser heat treatment of lithium manganese oxide films.

Applied Surface Science 04/2012; 258(12-12)., DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.01.156


Akanksha Singh, bullet Wilhelm, Pfleging @bullet, Markus Beiser, bullet Chantal, Khan Malek: Transparent thin thermoplastic biochip by injection-moulding and laser transmission welding.

Microsystem Technologies 03/2012; 19(3)., DOI:10.1007/s00542-012-1666-y


Johannes Proell, Robert Kohler, Alexander Mangang, Sven Ulrich, Carlos Ziebert, Wilhelm Pfleging:

3D Structures in Battery Materials.

Journal of Laser Micro / Nanoengineering 02/2012; 7(1-1)., DOI:10.2961/jlmn.2012.01.0019


Robert Kohler, Johannes Proell, Heino Besser, Maika Torge, Steffen Scholz, Todor Dobrev, Sven Ulrich, Wilhelm Pfleging:

Nanosecond and picosecond laser structuring of electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

MRS Online Proceeding Library Archive 01/2012; 1388., DOI:10.1557/opl.2012.1174


J Pröll, R Kohler, M Torge, S Ulrich, C Ziebert, M Bruns, H.J. Seifert, W Pfleging:

Laser microstructuring and annealing processes for lithium manganese oxide cathodes.

Applied Surface Science 09/2011; 257(23)., DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.06.117


Wilhelm Pfleging, Robert Kohler, Maika Torge, Vanessa Trouillet, Friederike Danneil, Michael Stüber:

Control of wettability of hydrogenated amorphous carbon thin films by laser-assisted micro- and nanostructuring.

Applied Surface Science 07/2011; 257(18)., DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.02.126


Johannes Proell, Robert Kohler, Carlos Ziebert, Wilhelm Pfleging:

Increase of capacity retention by laser structuring of thin film battery materials. DOI:10.1364/CLEO_AT.2011.AMD5


R. Kohler, H. Besser, M. Hagen, J. Ye, C. Ziebert, S. Ulrich, J. Proell, W. Pfleging:

Laser micro-structuring of magnetron-sputtered SnOx thin films as anode material for lithium ion batteries.

Microsystem Technologies 02/2011; 17(2)., DOI:10.1007/s00542-011-1259-1


Book Chapters

 Edited by: Ion N. Mihailescu, Ann Paola Caricato

Pulsed Laser Ablation - Advances and Applications in Nanoparticles and Nanostructuring Thin Films

Chapter 14: Laser Printing and Laser Structuring of Materials for Energy Storage

H. Kim, P. Smyrek, Y. Zheng, W. Pfleging, and A. Piqué

05/2017; ISBN: 9789814774239


Andrés Díaz Lantada, Gillian Begasse, Alisa Morss Clyne, Stefan Hengsbach, Volker Piotter, Peter Smyrek, Klaus Plewa, Markus Guttmann, Wilhelm Pfleging:

Towards Reliable Organs-on-Chips and Humans-on-Chips. Microsystems for Enhanced Control of Cell Behavior: Fundamentals, Design and Manufacturing Strategies, Applications and Challenges

Edited by Díaz Lantada, Andrés, 01/2016;

Springer International Publishing., ISBN: 9783319293288, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-29328-8_22


Wilhelm Pfleging, Robert Kohler, Isabelle Südmeyer, Magnus Rohde:

Laser Micro and Nano Processing of Metals , Ceramics , and Polymers.



Chantal G. Khan Malek, Wilhelm Pfleging, Stephan Roth:

Laser Micromachining of Polymers.



Olaf Wollersheim, Wilhelm Pfleging:

Optimized Logistics of Manufacture Novel Electrolyte Filling Process for Lithium-ion Cells.

02/2012; 7(1)., DOI:10.1365/s38314-012-0073-6


Olaf Wollersheim, Wilhelm Pfleging:

Optimierte Fertigungslogistik Neuartige Elektrolytbefüllung für Lithium-Ionen-Zellen.

02/2012; 7(1)., DOI:10.1365/s35658-012-0120-3



W. Pfleging, Robert Kohler, Johannes Pröll: Electrolyte batteries. Ref. No: US9337462 B2, Year: 05/2016


W. Pfleging, Oliver Baldus, Alessandro Baldini: Method for joining plastic workpieces. Ref. No: EP1758729 B1, Year: 11/2013